Grade Point Average (GPA)

What is a GPA?

A simple numerical index summarising your academic performance in a course in:

  • a single teaching period or
  • over a year or
  • for the duration of your enrolment in a course.

It’s based on the relative size of units, measured by:

  • student contact hours (for vocational education students, diploma and above)
  • credit points (for higher education students).

GPA is not used in units with competency-based grading or grades that do not have marks.

What’s it used for?

A GPA can be among criteria for a study offer, for identifying candidates for academic prizes or as a measure when applying for a job or another university place.

The two main GPA scales are the 4-point and 7-point scale, which differ by the grade points allocated but share the same calculation method.

Swinburne has used the 4-point scale since 2014. If you have one, your GPA is displayed with your results and also appears on your academic transcript.

How your GPA is calculated

For higher education, the GPA is calculated using the following formula: 

Total grade points divided by the total credit points = Grade Point Average.

GPA = 175/100 = 1.75 (4 point scale)

Example 1: Higher education

UnitCredit points
(CP)
ResultGPA value
(4-point scale)
Grade points
(CP x GPA value)
AAA001 12.5 HD 4 50
ABC201 12.5 D 3 37.5
BBB105 25 P 1 25
CCC415 12.5 P 1 12.5
XXX501 12.5 N 0 0
DDD110 25 C 2 50
TOTAL 100 175

Total grade points divided by the total student contact hours = Grade Point Average

GPA = 625/245 = 2.55 (4-point scale)

Example 2: Vocational education

UnitStudent contact
hours (SCH)
ResultGPA value
(4-point scale)
Grade points
(SCH x GPA value)
AAA001 20 N 0 0
ABC201 40 D 3 120
BBB105 25 P 1 25
CCC415 80 HD 4 320
DDD110 80 C 2 160

TOTAL

245 625