This unit introduces students to the roles diversity and inclusion have in enhancing the performance of employees and their organisation. It illustrates how the benefits of diversity can be realised, and how its challenges can be overcome, through effective management and HR policies and practices. In doing so, it emphasises the close relationship that should be established between diversity and inclusion in building a fair and equitable workplace. Furthermore, it connects diversity and inclusion issues with aspects of employee health and well-being, professional identity, and cross-cultural management. Approaches to evaluating diversity and inclusion program effectiveness in organisations are also discussed.