When Stephenie Evans suffered her first seizure in 2007, little did she know it was the start of a period where she was just “existing, not living”.
After becoming housebound with daily seizures, Stephenie was advised by her epilepsy specialist in Arizona, USA there was nothing more that could be done to help pinpoint which of the dozens of ‘cavernomas’ (abnormal blood vessel coils) in her brain were responsible for the seizures.
“The number of seizures I had completely impacted my quality of life and happiness. I didn't have a life anymore,” she says.
Thanks to Swinburne University of Technology’s cutting-edge non-invasive investigations for epilepsy, seizure sufferers like Stephenie Evans are being given a second chance at a happy and healthy life.
A technology-driven approach
Current invasive treatments techniques carry the risk of infection, bleeding and stroke, on top of a single depth electrode array that can cost over $1,000. Even then, it can be ineffective in identifying the culprit area in the brain.
Swinburne’s neuroimaging team is using 20 times more electrode sensors than standard hospital recordings. The high-resolution approach involves the use of combined high density electrical and magnetic field sampling with more than 400 sensor points across the head surface. This safe, non-invasive method more accurately pinpoints where the problematic abnormal brain waves are arising from.
Senior Neuroimaging Scientist and Swinburne Adjunct Research Fellow Simon Vogrin and Clinical Neurologist and Swinburne researcher Professor Chris Plummer worked with Stephenie after she got in an almost fatal car crash due to a seizure. Their study results were enough to convince the treating team that a particular cavernoma at the front of the brain should be removed.
“Patients with uncontrolled seizures are typically taking multiple types of medications that each carry side effects such as fatigue, drowsiness, dizziness, depression, and insomnia,” says Professor Plummer.
“Epilepsy surgery in cases like Stephenie remains vastly underused. One of the reasons is that it can be very difficult to pin-point the culprit regions in the brain that give rise to seizures using safe non-invasive tests. This is changing now with the advanced brain wave analysis techniques being employed at Swinburne. Surgery can literally transform lives.”
A new lease on life
More than two years have passed since the surgery was performed and Stephenie says the impact of the treatment has drastically improved her quality of life. “Without it, I would still be having seizures.”
Stephenie says Swinburne’s investigation has given her a life and hope for the future. She is able to drive, work, travel, and independently “do things everyone else takes for granted”.
“People need to know about this technique because in my case, it showed the one particular cavernoma causing my seizures, which was different than the standard hospital tests suggesting a different cavernoma.
“There is hope for people out there that think that there is nothing that can be done.”