Not all rust is created equal. While most of us are familiar with the kind occurring as a result of the chemical reaction between metal and water, rust caused bybacterial activity is lesser known – and often harder to combat.
But this could all change with the research being conducted by Swinburne PhD candidate Adam Thompson.
He is investigating the practice of using electricity to treat and prevent bacterial rust, or microbiological-influenced corrosion (MIC), as it is formally known.
So promising is Adam’s research that the Australasian Corrosion Association (ACA) awarded him first place at this year’s Brian Cherry Award Forum.
Bugged by rust
Adam is in the third year of his PhD after stumbling into the niche area during his undergraduate years.
He was struck by the significant impact of MIC and its ability to “drill holes” into the surface of metal.
“It’s a really big problem, particularly in marine environments,” he said.
“It affects a lot of wharfs and piers, so it can get pretty hairy if you have them falling over.
“It also affects a lot of ships and oil pipelines. If you get pinholes through the walls of your pipeline you can be losing a lot of oil and it impacts the environment, so it can become a real mess.”
Electrical currents are commonly used to treat chemical rust by altering the charge of different substances to prevent them reacting with each other. This process is called cathodic protection.
It hasn’t always been successful for MIC, but Adam’s research is addressing this gap.
“I am trying to clarify why it’s working in one situation but not in another,” he said.
“There are a number of standards out there that discuss using cathodic protection for MIC, and I’ve found from all my research these standards don’t tell you exactly what to do. They’re all quite wishy-washy for these microbial corrosion situations.”
The Brian Cherry Awards Forum is named after Professor Brian Cherry of Monash University, renowned for his significant contribution to corrosion education.
Now in its 13th year, the award is open to postgraduates and final-year undergraduates across Australasia.
In the first round, students share their research in a ‘three-minute thesis’ presentation.
Up to four finalists are then invited back for a second round to present in a longer format, with the winner granted a $1,000 prize.
Adam’s PhD supervisor, Associate Professor Scott Wade, said Adam was up against very impressive competition, and all contestants should be commended for their presentations.
“We are hopeful that Adam’s work can provide some insights that can have a real-world impact on the multi-billion dollar problems that are caused by microbial corrosion,” he said.
“I’d also like to acknowledge the Australian Government that supports Adam with a Research Training Program Scholarship and the Defence Science Institute which provides him with a scholarship top-up.”