Swinburne University of Technology is facilitating the multidisciplinary program ‘Bees With Backpacks’, allowing local high school students to help save local bees.
Bees with Backpacks is a Victorian Government-funded initiative delivered in collaboration between CSIRO and the Department of Education and Training.
The program connects scientists, Swinburne educators and high school students. It involves manually fitting bees with high-tech micro-sensors (which happen to look like cute little backpacks). The micro-sensors pick up data on where the bees travel, how long they spend there and what they do.
Data61 and CSIRO’s provide the micro-sensor technology, tag the bees and work with the data.
The Bees with Backpacks program is facilitated by STEM educators at the Knox Innovation Opportunity and Sustainability Centre (KIOSC), a joint initiative between Swinburne and local secondary schools.
The Victorian Government funds Swinburne approximately $1 million annually to operate KIOSC as part of its commitment to ignite students’ interest in STEM and STEM careers, and build students’ 21st century skills and capabilities for jobs of the future.
KIOSC is one of a number of STEM centres of excellence that participates in the program and works alongside tech schools in Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo and Yarra Ranges in delivering this opportunity to Victorian students.
Local beekeepers manage the hives – some of which are on-site at tech schools – and those schools share the data with others in the program locally. Educators from KIOSC and other STEM centres support participating students to analyse the data collected and create solutions that have a real-world impact.
If the bees go, we go
Bees are vital to our ecosystems. Aside from producing honey, these incredible insects are key to the multi-billion-dollar agriculture industry.
However, bees are dying at such drastic rates they could be heading for mass extinction and scientists don’t know why.
Bees with Backpacks could help us uncover the risks and challenges faced by local bee populations, and what we can do to protect them, while also providing a unique learning opportunity for high school students.
Video credit: Geelong Tech School
Utilising the hive mind
Through Bees with Backpacks, students can follow the trajectory of a single bee or investigate the effects of stress factors for bees in their local area – such as disease, pesticides, diet, air pollution, water contamination, extreme weather and more.
They can create dashboards, visualise data and make connections that CSIRO and local beekeepers might not have made yet. At the end of the program, they come up with solutions using a design thinking process to compete in the Design Challenge.
It’s a multidisciplinary project, teaching students the skills in humanities, data management and visualisation, technology, programming, robotics, marketing and more. That’s saying nothing of the soft skills students pick up along the way, including communication, collaboration, presentation skills, problem-solving and confidence in their ability to innovate.
“Once we take the students through design thinking, that’s when the magic happens,” Director of KIOSC, Dr Kulari Lokuge Dona says.
Last year, students from one of KIOSC’s classes placed second in the Design Challenge with a sophisticated solution designed to protect bees from wind direction changes they’d identified. Ideas like this can actually make a difference to bee populations, and students are encouraged to put them into action if they want.
“Some groups will go on to create a bee-friendly school or home backyard. They are also invited to take it further as a startup or business, but it all depends on if they want to run with it. And sometimes the local beekeepers might want to use the idea,” Kulari adds.
Technology that gets students buzzing
For many students, this is their first exposure to what it would be like to study STEM at university or pursue a science or technology career.
Kulari says, “Some students, like those from low socio-economic status schools, have never had an opportunity like this. It’s very rewarding from the educator’s point of view to see a student like that be able to collaborate in a team, to find a solution to a problem that fascinates them, then to present to a big group of people. It’s a real transformation from that first day.”