APA includes the following within the definition of images and figures: graphs, charts, maps, posters, drawings, photographs.

 

General rules for referencing images and figures:

  • Number figures consecutively in italics, using Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.) and taking care to order them as they appear in the text (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc).
  • Do not label figures with suffix letters such as Figure 5a. Use Figure 5.1.
  • All tables and figures must be referred to in the main body of the text, using their figure number. For example: “Figure 1 shows that...”
  • List the title of the item as it appears in the source material.
  • Include copyright information.
  • Directly below the figure include a caption that details:
    • The figure number (in italics)
    • Brief title of the image
    • Citation details of where the image was reprinted from
    • License statement if from a creative commons source.


Here’s how to reference an image or figure from a book or website, an artwork from a gallery, or an image from a library database.

APA 6th edition style guidelines

Direct quote

Self-portrait as a fountain

(Nauman 1966, p.380) 


Paraphrasing

In the photograph “Self-portrait as a fountain” (Nauman 1966) the photographer…


Reference entry list

Nauman, B. (1966). Self-portrait as a fountain [photographer]. In M.W. Warner, (2010). Photography a cultural history. (3rd ed.) London, England: Lawrence King.

Direct quote

Refer to general rules regarding captioning.

(Figure 7.43. Sizes of pub glassware, p.17.26).


Paraphrasing

Refer to general rules regarding captioning.

(Figure 7.43. Sizes of pub glassware)   


Reference entry list

Copyright year by “name of copyright holder”.

Littlefield, D. (Ed.). (2012). Metric handbook: Planning and design data. (4th ed.). London, England: Routledge.    

Direct quote

Refer to general rules regarding captioning.

In the middle of the model we can see overlap is "learning as becoming a new person" (Learning in a community of practice, n.d.).


Paraphrasing

Refer to general rules regarding captioning.

The model shows that when a student succeeds at learning within a disciplinary community ultimately they change their conception of the world and therefore change themselves (Learning in a community of practice, n.d.).    


Reference list entry

The date of retrieval may be required after the title, e.g. Retrieved May 16, 2009, from...

Learning in a community of practice [Image]. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://daugherity.com/blogfiles/CoPVenn.jpg

Direct quote

Refer to general rules regarding captioning. Use ‘n.d.’ if date cannot be found.

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, Frank Gehry

(Beir, P n.d.)


Paraphrasing

Refer to general rules regarding captioning. 

(Beir, P n.d.)


Reference list entry

Beir, P. (n.d.). Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain, Frank Gehry. [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://quest.ed.com

Using a different source type?

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