Here’s how to reference a government report, Australian Bureau of Statistics report and Standards Australia standard. Standards are voluntary documents that set out specifications, procedures and guidelines that aim to ensure products, services, and systems are safe, consistent, and reliable.

APA 6th edition style guidelines

If no page or paragraph numbers are visible, cite the heading name followed by the word section, and the number of the paragraph following it.


First citation

"In the 2010 calendar year, 47% of HERD ($3,836 million) was directed towards Applied research, 25% ($2,052 million) to Pure basic research and 20% ($1,653 million) to Strategic basic research" (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010, Type of activity section, para. 1).


Subsequent citations

"As with HERD, New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland accounted for three quarters (75%) of total human resources devoted to R&D in 2010" (ABS, 2010, Type of resource section, para. 2).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required. 

Of the total research and development in higher education in 2010 the largest proportion was spent on applied research (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010).


Reference list entry

Include the ABS report’s catalogue number after the title. Alternatively, use (ABS Catalogue No. 8111.0) but be consistent. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Research and experimental development, higher education organisations, Australia, 2010, (Catalogue No. 8111.0). Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8111.0

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included. Jurisdiction may not be required. Check with your tutor.

What is different about higher education is "the effective coupling and integration of the generic outcomes of a general education with preparation for specialised and professional participation in the workforce" (Australia Department of Education, Science and Training, 2002, p. 3).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

Higher education has a dual role in that it endeavours to not only cover generic skills but also give learners a thorough introduction to their specialist discipline and how it functions within the workplace (Australia Department of Education, Science and Training, 2002).


Reference list entry

When the author and the publisher are identical, use the word Author as the name of the publisher.

Australia Department of Education, Science and Training. (2002). Striving for quality: Learning, teaching and scholarship (DEST No. 6891.HERC02A). Canberra, Australia: Author.

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

Teachers in the tutoring industry refers to "...those who possess teaching qualifications from recognised institutions" (Standards Australia, 2006, p. 5).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

In the tutoring industry it is recognised that the term tutor denotes someone that provides tuition, whereas a person who is called a teacher is someone who has formal teaching qualifications (Standards Australia, 2006).


Reference list entry

Standards Australia. (2006). Tutoring code of practice (HB201-206). Retrieved from http://www.saiglobal.com

Using a different source type?

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