Referencing reported decisions
|Case name||Year||Volume||Report series||Starting page|
|Village Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd||(2012)||286||ALR||466|
- Party names are italicised
- Where parties are individuals, given names and initials are omitted
- Where a party is a business corporation or firm, abbreviations such as Co (company), Ltd (Limited), and Pty (proprietary) are used
- Where the Crown is the first named party, Rex (the ‘King’) or Regina (the ‘Queen’) is abbreviated to ‘R’
- Where the Crown is the respondent ‘The King’ or ‘The Queen’ is written in full
- Law report series are abbreviated
- The first page of the case should appear after the series details
- A full stop is used at the end of a footnote
- A full stop is not used in a bibliography.
Individual party names
Smith v Smith  2 ALR 475
Company party names
Village Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd(2012) 286 ALR 466
The Crown as first party
R v Milat (2005) 157 A Crim R 565
The Crown as respondent
Smith v The Queen  NSWCCA 325
Entry in footnote
Walton v Gardiner (1993) 112 ALR 289.
Entry in bibliography
Walton v Gardiner (1993) 112 ALR 289
Law report abbreviations
- Legal abbreviations for Australian and international law reports, law journals, legal organisations, courts, etc. can be accessed via the Monash University website.
- Legal abbreviations for English language legal publications, from the British Isles, the Commonwealth and the United States can be accessed via the Cardiff University database.
Referencing case law: ‘in text’ and pinpoint references
In text references
- An ‘in text’ reference usually cites the case, text or reference in the body of an essay or report.
- A footnote should immediately follow the portion of text which it is relevant to
- It should also follow directly after any relevant punctuation (i.e. a full stop or comma)
- A full stop should appear at the end of all footnotes citing case law.
“Recent developments in Australian law following the decision of the High Court in IceTV Pty Ltd v Network Nine Australia Pty Ltd (IceTV)1 illustrate a fundamental shift in the approach of courts regarding the importance and form of authorship.”
A pinpoint reference is a reference to a specific page, paragraph or other section of a decision
- A pinpoint reference to a page should appear as a number – do not use ‘p’ or ‘pg’
- A pinpoint reference to a paragraph should appear as a number in square brackets.
Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd and Others v Sharman License Holdings Ltd and Others (2005) 220 ALR 1, 3.
Roadshow Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd, (2012) 286 ALR 466, 488