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Dr Charmaine Lloyd

Lecturer in Biomedical Science


Dr. Charmaine Lloyd (CL) is a Medical Microbiologist by training (BSc MSc PhD) from University of Madras & a biorisk professional (IFBA-Canada, Italy). At Swinburne, she is the Unit convenor for the Infections and Immunology for Health Sciences course, Health & Disease across the Life Course and the Capstone Health Science Projects under the Department of Health Sciences (since 2020).
She is an established researcher in the field of microbiology. Some of her microbiological research studies include - vir, emm, spe toxin, T typing, exoenzyme, drug resistance phenotypes of Group A, C and G Streptococci from asymptomatic carriers, pharyngitis & pyoderma from children in marginalized and low socio-economic groups; Efficacy and validation of probiotics; Development of novel culture media (Patent awarded <India>) & Antimicrobial, anticancer and antiinflammatory phytochemicals and enzymes from indigenous Indian medicinal plants, microalgae indigenous to Singapore waters and environmental fungi. She has guided several undergraduate research projects on antimicrobial purification and characterization & continues to be an industrial consultant in areas of probiotics & mycology.
Dr. CL has taught Microbiology, Medical Microbiology, Immunology, Mammalian Genetics, Molecular Biology & Biosafety to students in Biomedical Sciences, Molecular Biotechnology & Veterinary Bioscience for ~14 years in India, Singapore & Australia. She strongly believes in inculcating sound fundamental knowledge & laboratory research techniques in budding researchers at the undergraduate level. She has been rewarded for her pursuit in teaching excellence with 3 school teaching awards, 2 national (Sg) service awards & 2 IP registered teaching products (Singapore IPOS) to her credit. She is an active member on the Education Special Interest groups (EduSIG) of the Australian Society of Microbiology & Australian Society of Immunology. She is also on the Australian Society of Immunology (ASI) National Curriculum Review Committee.

Dr. CL welcomes enquiries from students interested in pursuing projects in public health microbiology, drug discovery against MDR microorganisms, pathogen studies and innovative teaching approaches in Biomedical sciences.

She also invites Health-Science related industry-partners to engage final year Capstone students in projects which are of 1-semester duration in S2 2022 (Aug beginning - Oct end). This has a 2-pronged benefit. Students get a work-industry-learning (WIL) experience & Industry partners can avail of this opportunity as a testing ground for pilot studies, survey studies, data analysis, data mining & evidence based prospective study/service model designs among several other options.

Research interests

Microbiology; Education; Drug discovery; academic design

PhD candidate and honours supervision

Higher degrees by research

Accredited to supervise Masters & Doctoral students as Principal Supervisor.


Available to supervise honours students.

Honours topics and outlines

Antimicrobial compounds - natural sources

Disease epidemiology

Fields of Research

  • Medical Microbiology - 320700
  • Biologically Active Molecules - 340401
  • Medicine, Nursing And Health Curriculum And Pedagogy - 390110

Teaching areas

Biomedical science;Health research design;Infectious diseases;Immunology;Genetics;Biosecurity


  • 2022, Swinburne, Adobe Innovation Grant 2022, Swinburne University of Technology
  • 2018, National, Registered Product 2 - Intellectual Property Office of Singapore, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2018, National, Govt. of India - Patent (Probiotic medium), University of Madras
  • 2017, National, Registered Product - Intellectual Property Office of Singapore, Ngee Ann Polytechnic
  • 2017, National, Excellent Service Award - Gold category, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2016, Other, Technology Development and Innovation Fund (Product design), Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Singapore)
  • 2015, Other, School teaching award, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2014, National, SPRING Innovation Capability Voucher grant, Ngee Ann Polytechnic - Industry partner (Q framing)
  • 2014, National, Excellent Service Award - Gold category, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2013, Other, Technology Development and Innovation Fund (TDIF) grant - Antimicrobials from seaweeds, Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Singapore)
  • 2013, Other, School teaching award, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2011, Other, School teaching award, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2010, National, TOTE Model Project grant - Microalgae Lipid candidates - Biofuel, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
  • 2008, International, FEMS Young Investigator Travel Award to the XVII Lancefield International Symposium on Streptococci & Streptococcal diseases, University of Madras, India
  • 2006, National, CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Senior Research Competitive Fellowship, University of Madras, India
  • 2004, National, CSIR Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Junior Research competitive Fellowship, University of Madras, India
  • 2002, Other, State-Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology Post Grad grant, University of Madras, India
  • 2002, Other, Dr. Eric Walker SCIEH, Indo-U.K. British Council Project Endowment prize, University of Madras, India

Professional memberships

  • 2018 (current): Member, Australian Society of Microbiology (ASM), Australia
  • 2018 (current): Member, International Federation of Biosafety Associations, International
  • 2021 (current): Member, Australian Society of Immunology (ASI), Australia


Also published as: Lloyd, Charmaine; Lloyd, C.; Charmaine Lloyd, A. C.; Lloyd, C. A. C.; Lloyd, Charmaine A. C.; Lloyd, Charmaine Ann Celine; Lobo, C.; Lobo, C. A. C.; Lobo, Charmaine; Lobo, Charmaine A. C.; Lobo, Charmaine Ann Celine
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