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Professor M Akbar Rhamdhani

Professor of Extractive Metallurgy and Metals Recycling
PhD, McMaster University, Canada; BEng (Hons), Institute Technology Bandung, Indonesia


Professor Muhammad Akbar RHAMDHANI is currently the Director of Fluid and Process Dynamics (FPD) Group at Swinburne. Akbar is a Professor in Extractive Metallurgy and Metals Recycling. Akbar obtained his PhD from McMaster University Canada in Materials Science and Engineering. He has been a teaching-research academic at Institute of Technology Bandung (ITB) and the University of Queensland, before joining Swinburne. Akbar was a Visiting Professor at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Belgium and Visiting Scientist at CSIRO. He is also currently an Adjunct Professor at the Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia.

Akbar's research focuses on advanced metal/material refining and impurities removal (e.g. in steel, aluminium, magnesium, silicon, nickel, and minerals); development of new processes for metal production; thermodynamics and kinetics of high temperature metal and chemical processes; and physical chemistry of interface. Akbar's current research projects include: Thermodynamic behaviour of valuable elements during e-waste processing; Oxidation behaviour of rare-earth elements in end-of-life magnet; Recycling and recovery of metals from Alkaline and Lithium Ion Batteries; Recycling and production of metals using hydrogen; Solar thermal energy for minerals processing (solar metallurgy); and Extra-terrestrial minerals processing (astro metallurgy).

Akbar has been working conducting joint research, delivering courses and workshops with/to metals industries in Australia, Europe and Indonesia. Akbar and research teams have been awarded a number of international awards including the 2020 Williams Award from IOM3, UK; the 2019 Kent D Peaslee Award from AIST USA; the 2015 Mann Redmayne Medal from IOM3 United Kingdom; the 2015 Marcus Grossmann Medal from ASM International USA; and the 2015 MetSoc Award from Metallurgical Society of Canada. Also recently, Akbar was awarded a 2018 World Class Professor and 2018 World Class Scholar from the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia.

Research interests

High Temperature Materials Processing; High Temperature Physical Chemistry; Phase Equilibria; Advanced Metals/Materials Refining and Impurities Removal; Extractive Metallurgy; Resource Efficiency; Recovery of Metals from Alternative and Urban Ores; New Processes for Metals Production with Low Carbon Footprint; Process Thermodynamics and Kinetics; Solar Processing of Metals and Materials; Astrometallurgy

PhD candidate and honours supervision

Higher degrees by research

Accredited to supervise Masters & Doctoral students as Principal Supervisor.


Available to supervise honours students.

Fields of Research

  • Pyrometallurgy - 401908
  • Metals And Alloy Materials - 401607
  • Energy Generation, Conversion And Storage (excl. Chemical And Electrical) - 401703

Teaching areas

Thermodynamics;Heat Transfer;Renewable Energy


  • 2020, International, Williams Award, The Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (IOM3), United Kingdom
  • 2019, International, SCKD (World Class Scholar) 2019, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia
  • 2019, International, Kent D. Peaslee Award, AIST (Association for Iron and Steel Technology), USA
  • 2018, International, World Class Professor 2018, Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia
  • 2018, International, SCKD (World Class Scholar) 2018 , Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia
  • 2018, Swinburne, Faculty FSET Teaching Award (Most Improved Unit), Swinburne
  • 2018, Swinburne, Faculty FSET Researcher of the Year (MCR), Swinburne
  • 2017, Swinburne, A highly commended mention in Vice Chancellor's Teaching Excellence (Higher Education) Award, Swinburne
  • 2016, Swinburne, Research Sabbatical Scheme, Swinburne
  • 2015, International, MetSoc Award, Metallurgical Society of Canada, CIM
  • 2015, International, Marcus Grossmann Award, ASM International
  • 2015, International, Mann Redmayne Medal, IOM3, UK
  • 2015, National, Australia-Korea Research Leader Exchange Scholar, NRF Korea - DFAT Australia
  • 2009, Swinburne, Vice Chancellor's Research Award, Swinburne
  • 2009, Swinburne, Vice Chancellor's Internationalisation Award, Swinburne
  • 2004, Other, Clifton W Sherman Scholarship, McMaster
  • 2003, Other, Stelco-McMaster Graduate Fellowship, McMaster
  • 2003, Other, D.A.R. Kay Memorial Prize, McMaster
  • 2002, Other, Stelco-McMaster Graduate Fellowship, McMaster
  • 2000, Other, Best and Youngest Graduate - Mechanical Engineering, ITB
  • 1999, Other, Best Student from Dr Abdoel Djalal Foundation, ITB


Also published as: Rhamdhani, M.; Rhamdhani, Muhammad; Akbar Rhamdhani, M.; Akbar Rhamdhani, Muhammad; Rhamdhani, A.; Rhamdhani, Akbar; Rhamdhani, M. A.; Rhamdhani, M. Akbar; Rhamdhani, Muhammad A.; Rhamdhani, Muhammad Akbar
This publication listing is provided by Swinburne Research Bank. If you are the owner of this profile, you can update your publications using our online form.

Recent research grants awarded

  • 2021: Eco-friendly Solar Thermal Processing of Monazite ores for Processing and Recovery of Rare Earth Compounds *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2020: ARC Research Hub for Australian Steel Innovation (Lead by University of Wollongong) *; ARC Industrial Transformation Research Hubs
  • 2020: Concentrated Solar-Powered Carbothermal Reduction of Spent Lithium-Ion Battery (LIB) *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2020: End-of-life, Electrically-Enhanced Recycling Process for EoL Si PV-Cells *; Australian Renewable Energy Agency
  • 2020: Mineral Processing of Lunar Regolith using Concentrated Solar Energy *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2020: Oxygen and Structural Materials Production from Lunar Regolith - Student Matthew Humbert *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2020: Recycling and Recovery of Valuable Metals from End-of-Life Electric Vehicles Component *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2019: Direct Reduction of Lead Blast Furnace Slag using Alternative Carbon Sources *; Faculty of Science, Engineering and Technology - Internal Contributions
  • 2019: Nurturing Graduates for Australian Automotive Engineering Futures - Automotive Engineering Graduate Program *; Department of Industry, Innovation and Science
  • 2019: Sinter Mineralogy and Properties *; CSIRO Post-Grad Scholarships
  • 2019: The Pilot Process for Extraction and Production of Zn/ZnO powders from Victoria's End-of-Life Batteries *; Envirostream Pty Ltd
  • 2018: Development of Dynamic Heat Transfer Model of Oxygen Steelmaking *; Tata Steel Nederland Technology BV
  • 2018: Development of New Refining Technology for Indonesian Mineral Resources *; Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Fund Scheme
  • 2018: Evaluation and Measurement of Thermal properties of Composite Heat Shields *; Diver Consolidated Industries (DCI) / Diver Metal Products Pty Limited
  • 2018: Recovery of Zn/ZnO and Al-Cu Alloys from End-of-Life Alkaline and Li-Ion Batteries *; Innovation Connections
  • 2017: Analysis of Recovery of Valuable Components from Fractions from Processed End-of-Life (EOL) Li-Ion Battery and PV Cell *; Innovation Connections
  • 2017: Reduction Kinetics between Coke and Slag in a Lead Blast Furnace *; Umicore Group R & D
  • 2015: Behaviour of NDFeB magnets in high temperature recycling process - 2015 Postgraduate Top Up Scholarship for Muhammad Firdaus *; Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)
  • 2014: Direct Reduction of Fayalitic Slag in Pb Blast Furnace *; Umicore Group R & D
  • 2013: Describe the segregation behaviour of Pb, In, Ag, Sn & Cd from a ZnO rich mixture containing these elements as compounds *; Umicore Group R & D
  • 2013: Glass Fines Project *; Visy
  • 2013: Wealth from Waste (Recycling systems: barriers and enablers for industrial ecology in Australia) *; CSIRO Flagship Collaboration Research Fund
  • 2012: Literature Review and Study for Umicore *; Umicore Group R & D
  • 2012: Phase Diagram Studies in the System Cr-Fe-Ti-O-S and Application to the Separation of Cr-Spinel Contaminants from Limenite Concentrates *; CSIRO Flagship Collaboration Research Fund
  • 2012: Study of WEEE behaviours in the TSL furnace *; Outotec Pty Ltd - Contract
  • 2011: Cu fuming from zinc oxide products *; Umicore Group R & D
  • 2010: 09 CAST PhD Top-up Scholarship for Abdul Khaliq *; CRC for Cast Metals Manufacturing (CAST CRC)
  • 2010: Auto CRC Final Year Project Agreement - Paul Gangemi *; CRC for Advanced Automotive Technology
  • 2010: New Sidewall Materials for Aluminium Smelting - 2010 CSIRO Flagship Collaboration Fund Postgraduate Top Up Scholarship (Light Metals Flagship) for Reiza Mukhlis *; CSIRO Flagship Collaboration Research Fund

* Chief Investigator