Many students obtain newspaper, magazine and journal articles via our library databases. Some extra details like a Document Object Identifier (DOI) may be required for these, compared to articles found in print sources, such as a newspaper purchased in a shop. Here’s how to reference print journal articles, online articles, newspaper articles, conference papers and more.

APA 6th edition style guidelines

Direct quote 

Page numbers must be included.

Assignments that are done individually give the student "the opportunity to complete the assignment according to his or her preferred approach" (Leonard & LeBrasseur, 2008, p. 39).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

A lecturer sets an individual assignment in order to evaluate what the student has learned and provide feedback, and the student has the flexibility to be able to choose the resources they will use and the approach they will take towards the topic (Leonard & LeBrasseur, 2008).
 

Reference list entry

The reference list may need to have double line spacing.

Leonard, V., & LeBrasseur, R. (2008). Individual assignments and academic dishonesty: Exploring the conundrum. The Australian Educational Researcher, 35(1), 37-56.

Cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of an article. Italicise the title of a periodical.


Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

The Indigenous Open Learning Project provides content "customised for Indigenous Australian students covering a broad range of uses..." ("Open learning initiatives", 2001, p. 26).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

The Indigenous Open Learning Project provides online learning specifically for indigenous students ("Open learning initiatives," 2001).


Reference list entry

The reference list may need to have double line spacing.

Open learning initiatives to assist indigenous Australians in the higher education sector. (2001). Learning for all: Opportunities for indigenous Australians, 1, 26.

Use secondary sources only when you cannot obtain the primary source of information.


Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

Marton (as cited in Fyrenius, Wirrel, & Silen, 2007) points to "understanding through commonalities and understanding through differences" (p. 151) as two variations in achieving understanding.


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

Research on Chinese learners has identified two different ways the students form in their mind the notion of understanding - comprehending similarities and differences (Marton as cited in Fyrenius, Wirrel, & Silen, 2007).


Reference list entry

Fyrenius, A., Wirrell, S., & Silen, C. (2007). Student approaches to achieving understanding—approaches to learning revisited. Studies in Higher Education, 32(2), 149-165.

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

A student engaged at a higher level of learning is aware that "learning involves meaning and making connections..." (Buckridge & Guest, 2007, p. 136).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

When a student internalizes information in order to make connections with their prior learning this points to a qualitatively higher level of engagement (Buckridge & Guest, 2007).


Reference list entry

  • Include the digital object identifier (DOI) in the reference if one is assigned.
  • The order of the authors' names is decided by the authors and should be preserved.
  • The volume number must be italicised but the issue number and brackets should not be, e.g. 52(16).


For example:

Buckridge, M., & Guest, R. (2007). A conversation about pedagogical responses to increased diversity in university classrooms. Higher Education Research & Development, 26(2), 133-146. doi:10.1080/07294360701310771


If no digital object identifier (DOI) is assigned to the content, include the home page URL. For example:

Herington, C., & Weaven, S. (2008). Action research and reflection on student approaches to learning in large first year university classes. Australian Educational Researcher, 35(3), 111-134. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/aer/about.htm

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

The Bradley Review of higher education was generally accepted by Australian universities, however it was pointed out that there was a worrying "revival of the issue of teaching-only universities" (Healy, 2008, p.21).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

Reaction to the Government review of higher education by Denise Bradley was mainly positive, however there was some concern over the contentious issue of research versus teaching universities (Healy, 2008).


Reference list entry

Healy, G. (2008, June 18). Bradley received a cautious thumbs up. The Australian, p. 21.

When the author is not known, cite in the text the first few words of the reference list entry (usually the title) and the year. Use double quotation marks around the title of a newspaper article.


Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

The prevailing argument with regard to teacher's remuneration is that "Other professions are rewarded according to performance; the same should apply to teaching" ("Apples for," 2007, p. 14).


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

Much of the current debate on remuneration for teachers centres on the premise that higher performing teachers should be paid at the higher rate ("Apples for," 2007).


Reference list entry

Apples for best teachers. (2007, October 26). The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 14.

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included. Supply DOI where available, or a shortened URL in the absence of a DOI. 

Monetary value is not the true value of a purchased item — Vargo and Lusch (cited in Graham, 2011, p. 145) “introduced the idea that value can only be created and acknowledged by the consumer in the act of consumption”.


Paraphrasing

Page numbers may be required.

Another perspective is that of Vargo and Lusch (cited in Graham, 2011), who propose that it is the purchaser that gives a purchased item its value.


Reference list entry

Graham, G. (2011). Interaction space. Workshop proceedings of the 7th international conference on intelligent environments. (pp.145-154). IOS Press, EBSCOhost eBook Collection. Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/ehost/

Direct quote

Cite all authors for the first citation and include page numbers if present. In subsequent citations, use the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year and page number.

Although many new university students are seen as technologically savvy "it is recognised that core technology based skills do not necessarily translate into sophisticated skills with other technologies or general information literacy" (Kennedy, Judd, Churchward, Gray, & Krause, 2008, p. 117).


Paraphrasing

Cite all authors for the first citation and include page numbers if required. The following is an example of a second or subsequent citation from the same work.

New university students are often viewed as being technologically savvy, however it has been found that many of the skills used with well known tools, e.g. email and mobile phones, are not being adapted to more complex emerging technologies and/or more critical use of information (Kennedy et al., 2008).


Reference list entry

Kennedy, G., Judd, T., Churchward, A., Gray, K., & Krause, K. (2008). First year students' experiences with technology: Are they really digital natives? Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(1), 108-122. Retrieved from http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet24/kennedy.html

Using a different source type?

Need more information?

Ask us a question or leave us feedback by emailing library@swinburne.edu.au or calling 1300 794 628. Alternatively, complete this form so our team members can get in touch with you. 

 

Contact us