Secondary source in an article

Referencing a secondary source in an article from a print journal

Use secondary sources only when you cannot obtain the primary source of information.

Direct quote

Page numbers must be included.

Marton (as cited in Fyrenius, Wirrel, & Silen, 2007) points to "understanding through commonalities and understanding through differences" (p. 151) as two variations in achieving understanding.


Page numbers may be required.

Research on Chinese learners has identified two different ways the students form in their mind the notion of understanding - comprehending similarities and and differences (Marton as cited in Fyrenius, Wirrel, & Silen, 2007).

Reference list entry

Fyrenius, A., Wirrell, S., & Silen, C. (2007). Student approaches to achieving understanding-approaches to learning revisited. Studies in Higher Education, 32(2), 149-165.