Reported decision

Referencing reported decisions

Case nameYearVolumeReport seriesStart­ing page
Village Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd (2012) 286 ALR 466
  • Party names are italicised
  • Where parties are individuals, given names and initials are omitted
  • Where a party is a business corporation or firm, abbreviations such as Co (company), Ltd (Limited), and Pty (proprietary) are used
  • Where the Crown is the first named party, Rex (the ‘King’) or Regina (the ‘Queen’) is abbreviated to ‘R’
  • Where the Crown is the respondent ‘The King’ or ‘The Queen’ is written in full
  • Law report series are abbreviated
  • The first page of the case should appear after the series details
  • A full stop is used at the end of a footnote
  • A full stop is not used in a bibliography.


Individual party names

Smith v Smith [1948] 2 ALR 475

Company party names

Village Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd(2012) 286 ALR 466

The Crown as first party

R v Milat (2005) 157 A Crim R 565

The Crown as respondent

Smith v The Queen [2010] NSWCCA 325

Entry in footnote

Walton v Gardiner (1993) 112 ALR 289.

Entry in bibliography

Walton v Gardiner (1993) 112 ALR 289

Law report abbreviations

  • Legal abbreviations for Australian and international law reports, law journals, legal organisations, courts, etc. can be accessed via the Monash University website.
  • Legal abbreviations for English language legal publications, from the British Isles, the Commonwealth and the United States can be accessed via the Cardiff University database.

Further information

Referencing case law: ‘in text’ and pinpoint references

In text references

  • An ‘in text’ reference usually cites the case, text or reference in the body of an essay or report.
  • A footnote should immediately follow the portion of text which it is relevant to
  • It should also follow directly after any relevant punctuation (i.e. a full stop or comma)
  • A full stop should appear at the end of all footnotes citing case law.
In text reference example

“Recent developments in Australian law following the decision of the High Court in IceTV Pty Ltd v Network Nine Australia Pty Ltd (IceTV)1 illustrate a fundamental shift in the approach of courts regarding the importance and form of authorship.”

Pinpoint references

A pinpoint reference is a reference to a specific page, paragraph or other section of a decision

  • A pinpoint reference to a page should appear as a number – do not use ‘p’ or ‘pg’
  • A pinpoint reference to a paragraph should appear as a number in square brackets.
Example of pinpoint reference to a page

Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd and Others v Sharman License Holdings Ltd and Others (2005) 220 ALR 1, 3.

Example of a pinpoint reference to a paragraph

Roadshow Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd, (2012) 286 ALR 466, 488 [95]