Andrew Scholey is director of the Centre for Human Psychopharmacology and Professor of Behavioural and Brain Sciences. He is also co-director of the NICM Centre for the Study of Natural Medicines and Neurocognition. Andrew was at Northumbria University in the UK for fifteen years, in 1998 he established the Human Cognitive Neuroscience Unit (now the Brain Performance and Nutrition Research Centre) where he was director until taking up his present post in late 2007. He was also co-director of the Medicinal Plant Research Centre in the UK and remains as honorary director of their neurocognitive trials section.
Andrew has been lead investigator on a series of groundbreaking studies into natural substances and neurocognition. These have ranged from 'metabolic' interventions (notably glucose and oxygen), to low doses of alcohol and even drinking water (in thirsty individuals) and chewing gum. He was also Principle Investigator on studies into the neurocognitive effects of numerous plant extracts including ginkgo biloba, ginseng, lemon balm, caffeine, sage, valerian, guaraná, cocoa polyphenols and theanine. Andrew has published over 130 journal articles and 15 book chapters and books focusing on the potential mood and cognition enhancing effects of natural products.
Andrew's current research uses state-of the-art methodology, including neurocognitive assessment, brain imaging and various physiological analyses to disentangle the neurocognitive effects of specific nutritional interventions (focussing on plant extracts) to enhance cognitive performance. The aim is to understand the mechanisms and apply natural medicines as safe treatments for conditions where cognition becomes fragile, including ageing and dementia. Andrew has served on various scientific committees and is committed to the public dissemination of science which has led to many appearances in the print, radio and television media.
Contributions to the Psychophysiology degree
Neurocognitive and mood effects of nutrition and nutraceuticals Cognition enhancing and anti-stress effects of natural medicines Blood glucose and cognitive function Neurocognitive effects of recreational drug use Use of novel platforms (internet, PDAs, mobile phone) for assessing mood state and cognitive performance
Scholey A, Owen L (2013) The effects of chocolate on mood and cognitive function: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, In press. Downey LA, Kean J, Lau A, Poll A, Gregory R, Murray M, Rourke J, Patak B, Pase MP, Zangara A, Scholey A, Stough C (2013) An acute, double-blind, placebo controlled crossover study of 320 mg and 640 mg doses of a special extract of Bacopa monnieri (CDRI 08) on sustained cognitive performance. Phytotherapy Research, In press. Camfield D, Scholey A, Pipingas A, Silberstein R, Kure C, Zangara A, Kras M, Stough C (2013) The Neurocognitive effects of Hypericum Perforatum special extract (Ze117) during Smoking Cessation. Phytotherapy Research, In press. Pase MP, Stough C, Grima N, Harris E, Macpherson H, Scholey A, Pipingas A (2013) Blood pressure and cognitive function: the role of central aortic and brachial pressures. Psychological Science, In press Benson S, Downey L, Stough C, Wetherell M, Scholey A (2013) An acute, double-blind, placebo controlled crossover study of 320 mg and 640 mg doses of a special extract of Bacopa monnieri (CDRI08) on multitasking stress reactivity and mood. Phytotherapy Research, In press. Owen L, Scholey A, Finnegan Y, Sünram-Lea SI (2013) Response variability to glucose facilitation of cognitive enhancement. British Journal of Nutrition, In press. Pase MP, Scholey AB, Pipingas A, Kras M, Nolidin K, Gibbs A, Wesnes K, Stough C (2013) Cocoa polyphenols enhance positive mood states but not cognitive performance: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Psychopharmacology 27, 451-458. Scholey A, Macpherson H, Sünram-Lea S, Elliott J, Stough C, Kennedy D (2013) Glucose enhancement of recognition memory: differential effects on effortful processing but not aspects of Remember-Know responses. Neuropharmacology 64, 544–549. Sarris J, LaPorte E, Scholey A, King R, Pipingas, A, Schweitzer I, Stough C (2013) Does a medicinal dose of kava impair driving? A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Traffic Injury Prevention 14, 13 – 17 Asamoah S, Siegler J, Chang D, Scholey AB, Yeung A, Cheema BS (2013) Effect of Aerobic Training on Cognitive Function and Arterial Stiffness in Sedentary Young Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Physiology Journal Article ID 847325 (9 pages). Verster JC, Alford C, Scholey A (2013) The alcohol mixed with energy drink debate: masking the facts! Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 37, 703-705. Neale C, Camfield D, Reay J, Stough C, Scholey A (2013) Cognitive effects of two nutraceuticals Ginseng and Bacopa benchmarked against modafinil: a review and comparison of effect sizes. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 75, 728–737. Pase MP, Grima NA, Stough CK, Scholey A, Pipingas A (2012) Cardiovascular disease risk and cerebral blood flow velocity. Stroke 43, 2803-2805 Wesnes KA, Pincock C, Scholey A (2012) Breakfast is associated with enhanced cognitive function in schoolchildren: an internet based study. Appetite 59, 646–649. Scholey A, Stough C, Verster JC (2012) Cognitive enhancement: are we barking up the wrong tree? Current Drug Abuse Reviews 5, 255-256. Scholey A, Benson S, Neale C, Owen L, Tiplady B (2012) Neurocognitive and mood effects of alcohol in a naturalistic setting. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 27, 514–516. Sarris J, Cox KHM, Camfield DA, Scholey AB, Stough C, Fogg E, Kras M, White DJ, Sali A, Pipingas A (2012) Participant experiences from chronic administration of a multivitamin versus placebo on subjective health and wellbeing: a double-blind qualitative analysis of a randomised controlled trial. Nutrition Journal 11:110 (10 pages). Pase MP, Kean J, Sarris J, Neale C, Scholey AB, Stough C (2012) The cognitive enhancing effects of Bacopa monneira: A systematic review of randomized, controlled human clinical trials. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 18, 647–652. Sarris J, Scholey A, Schweitzer I, Bousman C, LaPorte E, Ng C, Murray G, Stough C (2012) The acute effects of kava and oxazepam on anxiety, mood, neurocognition, and genetic correlates: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 27, 262-269. Jackson PA, Reay JL, Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2012) DHA-rich oil modulates the cerebral haemodynamic response to cognitive tasks in healthy young adults: A Near Infrared Spectroscopy pilot study. British Journal of Nutrition 107, 1093-1098. Scholey A, Downey L, Ciorciari J, Pipingas A, Nolidin K, Finn M, Wines M, Catchlove S, Terrens A, Barlow E, Gordon L, Stough C (2012) Acute neurocognitive effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). Appetite 58, 767-770. Jackson PA, Deary ME, Reay JL, Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2012) No effect of 12 weeks' supplementation with 1 g DHA-rich or EPA-rich fish oil on cognitive function or mood in healthy young adults aged 18-35 years. British Journal of Nutrition 107, 1232-1243. Parrott AC, Murphy P, Scholey AB (2012) Applied human psychopharmacology: the practical psychobiological consequences of some novel and ancient psychoactive drugs (editorial). Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 27, 103-105. Owen L, Scholey AB, Finnegan Y, Hu H, Sünram-Lea SI (2012) The effect of glucose dose and fasting interval on cognitive function: a double-blind, placebo controlled, 6-way crossover study. Psychopharmacology 220, 577-589. Wetherell MA, Atherton K, Grainger J, Brosnan R, Scholey AB (2012) The effects of multi-tasking on psychological stress reactivity in recreational users of cannabis and MDMA. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 27, 167-176. Stough C, Pase MP, Cropley V, Myers S, Nolidin K, Pipingas A, Croft K, Chang D, Scholey AB (2012) A randomized controlled trial investigating the effect of Pycnogenol and CDRI08 herbal medicines on Cognitive, cardiovascular, and biochemical functioning in cognitive healthy elderly people: the Australian Research Council Longevity Intervention (ARCLI) study protocol (ACTRN12611000487910). The Nutrition Journal 11, 11-19. Jackson PA, Reay JL, Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2012) Docosahexaenoic acid-rich fish oil modulates the cerebral hemodynamic response to cognitive tasks in healthy young adults. Biological Psychology 26, 470-476. Cropley V, Croft R, Silber B, Neale C, Scholey A, Stough C, Schmitt J (2012) Does coffee enriched with chlorogenic acids improve mood and cognition after acute administration in healthy elderly? A pilot study. Psychopharmacology 219, 737-749. Camfield DA, Scholey A, Pipingas A, Silberstein R, Kras M, Nolidin K, Stough C (2012) Steady state visually evoked potential (SSVEP) topography changes associated with Cocoa flavanol consumption. Physiology and Behavior 105, 948-957. Pengelly A, Snow J, Mills SY, Scholey A, Wesnes K, Reeves-Butler L (2012) Short-term study on the effects of rosemary on cognitive function in an elderly population. Journal of Medicinal Food 15, 10-17. Harris E, Kirk J, Rowsell R, Vitetta L, Sali A, Scholey A, Pipingas A (2011) The effect of multivitamin supplementation on mood and stress in healthy older males. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 26, 560-567. Stough C, Scholey A, Lloyd J, Spong J, Myers S, Downey LA (2011)The effect of 90 day administration of a high dose Vitamin B complex on work stress. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 26, 470-476. Sarris J, Panossian A, Schweitzer I, Stough C, Scholey A (2011) Herbal medicine for depression, anxiety and insomnia: a review of psychopharmacology and clinical evidence. European Neuropsychopharmacology 21, 841-860. Kennedy D, Dodd F, Robertson B, Okello E, Reay J, Scholey A, Haskell C (2011) Monoterpenoid extract of sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) with cholinesterase inhibiting properties improves cognitive performance and mood in healthy adults. Journal of Psychopharmacology 25, 1088-1100. Parrott AC, Gibbs A, Scholey AB, King R, Owens K, Swann P, Ogden E, Stough C (2011) MDMA and methamphetamine: some paradoxical negative and positive mood changes in an acute dose laboratory study. Psychopharmacology 215, 527-536. Camfield DA, Owen L, Scholey AB, Pipingas A, Stough C (2011) Dairy constituents and neurocognitive health in aging. British Journal of Nutrition 106, 159-174. LaPorte E, Sarris J, Stough C, Scholey A (2011) Neurocognitive Effects of Kava (Piper methysticum): A Systematic Review. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 26, 102-111. Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Heffernan T, Ling J, Scholey A (2011) 'Ecstasy use, by itself, does not result in residual neurotoxicity' - a powerful argument? Addiction 106, 1269-1270. Stough C, Kure C, Tarasuik J, Downey L, Lloyd J, Zangara A, Camfield D, Scholey A, Reynolds J (2011) Improving general intelligence with a nutrient-based pharmacological intervention. Intelligence 39, 100-107. Scholey AB, Owen L, Gates J, Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Ling J, Heffernan T, Swan P, Stough C, Parrott AC (2011) Is MDMA Present in Hair Samples Consistent with Reported Ecstasy Use? Open Addiction Journal 4, 50-51. Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Scholey AB, Heffernan T, Ling J, Parrott AC (2011) Prospective Memory: The Influence of Ecstasy, Cannabis and Nicotine Use and the WWW. Open Addiction Journal 4, 44-45. McMillan L, Owen L, Kras M, Scholey A (2011) Behavioural effects of a 10-day Mediterranean Diet: results from a pilot study evaluating mood and cognitive performance. Appetite 56, 143-147. Scholey AB, Owen L, Gates J, Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Ling J, Heffernan T, Swan P, Stough C, Parrott AC (2011) Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported ecstasy use: findings from a study investigating effects of Ecstasy on mood and memory. Neuropsychobiology 63, 15-21. Sarris J, Stough C, Scholey A, Schweitzer I (2010) Re-introduction of Kava (Piper methysticum) to the EU: is there a way forward? Planta Medica 77, 107-110. Scholey A, French S, Morris P, Kennedy D, Milne A, Haskell C (2010) Consumption of cocoa flavanols results in acute improvements in mood and cognitive performance during sustained mental effort. Journal of Psychopharmacology 24, 1505-1514. Scholey AB, Ossoukhova A, Owen L, Ibarra A, Pipingas A, He K, Roller M, Stough C (2010) Effects of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) on neurocognitive function: an acute, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study Psychopharmacology 212, 345-356. Reay J, Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2010) Panax ginseng (G115) improves aspects of working memory performance and subjective ratings of calmness in healthy young adults. Human Psychopharmacology 25, 462-471. Buchanan T, Heffernan T, Parrott AC, Ling J, Rodgers J, Scholey AB (2010) A Short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the internet. Behaviour Research Methods 42, 709-714. Pase MP, Pipingas A, Kras M, Nolidin K, Gibbs AL, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB, Stough C (2010) Healthy middle-aged individuals are vulnerable to cognitive deficits as a result of increased arterial stiffness. Journal of Hypertension 28, 1724-1729. Owen L, Finnegan Y, Hu H, Scholey A, Sünram-Lea S (2010) Glucose effects on long-term memory performance: duration of effects and domain specificity. Psychopharmacology 211, 131-140. Scholey AB, Sünram-Lea SI, Greer J, Elliott J, Kennedy DO (2009) Glucose enhancement of memory depends on initial thirst. Appetite 53, 426-429. Reay JL, Scholey AB, Milne A, Fenwick J, Kennedy DO (2009) Panax ginseng has no effect on indices of glucose regulation following acute or chronic ingestion in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition 101, 1673-1678. Scholey A, Haskell C, Robertson B, Kennedy D, Milne A, Wetherell M (2009) Chewing gum alleviates negative mood and reduces cortisol during acute laboratory psychological stress. Physiology and Behavior 97, 304-312. Scholey AB, Sünram-Lea SI, Greer J, Elliott J, Kennedy DO (2009) Glucose administration prior to a divided attention task improves tracking performance but not word recognition: evidence against differential memory enhancement? Psychopharmacology 202, 549-558. Stough C, Kure C, Tarusik J, Lloyd J, Downey LA, Scholey A, Wesnes K (2009) A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study examining the effects of a combination nutraceutical formula on cognitive functioning and mood. JANA 12, 12-19. Kennedy DO, Jackson PA, Elliot JM, Scholey AB, Robertson B, Greer J, Tiplady B, Buchanan T, Haskell CF (2009) Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of omega-3 essential fatty acid in healthy children aged 10 to 12 years. Nutritional Neuroscience 12, 48-56. Scholey AB, Haskell CF (2008) Neurocognitive effects of guaraná plant extract. Drugs of the Future 33, 869-874 (Invited review). Haskell CF, Scholey AB, Jackson PA, Elliot JM, DeFeyter MA, Greer J, Robertson BC, Buchanan T, Tiplady B, Kennedy DO (2008) Cognitive and mood effects in healthy children during 12 weeks supplementation of multi-vitamin/minerals. British Journal of Nutrition 100, 1086-1096. Scholey AB, Tildesley NTJ, Ballard CG, Wesnes KA, Tasker A, Perry EK, Kennedy DO (2008) An extract of Salvia (sage) with anticholinesterase properties improves memory and attention in healthy older volunteers. Psychopharmacology 198,127-139. Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Robertson B, Reay J, Brewster-Maund C, Luedemann J, Maggini S, Ruf M, Zangara A, Scholey AB (2008) Improved cognitive performance and mental fatigue following a multi-vitamin and mineral supplement with added Guaraná (Paullinia cupana). Appetite 50, 506-513. Haskell CF, Kennedy DO, Milne AL, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2008) The effects of L-theanine, caffeine and their combination on cognition and mood. Biological Psychology 77, 113-122. Ingwersen J, Defeyter MA , Kennedy DO, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2007) A low glycaemic index breakfast cereal preferentially prevents children's cognitive performance from declining throughout the morning. Appetite 49, 240-244. Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Mauri PL, Scholey AB (2007) Acute cognitive effects of standardised Ginkgo biloba extract complexed with phosphatidylserine. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 22, 199-210. Haskell CF, Kennedy DO, Wesnes KA, Milne AL, Scholey AB (2007) A double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-dose evaluation of the acute behavioural effects of guaraná in humans. Journal of Psychopharmacology 21, 65-70. Parrott AC, McGregor IS, Lee TMC, Scholey AB, Morgan MJ (2007). Ecstasy and Memory: report on the MDMA symposium at the 4th International Conference on Memory (ICOM-4), in Sydney Australia. Journal of Psychopharmacology 21, 895-979. Kennedy DO, Jackson PA, Haskell CF, Scholey AB (2007) Modulation of cognitive performance following single doses of 120 mg Ginkgo biloba extract administered to healthy young volunteers. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 22, 559-566. Kennedy DO, Reay JL, Scholey AB (2007) Effects of 8 weeks administration of Korean Panax ginseng extract on the mood and cognitive performance of healthy individuals. Journal of Ginseng Research 31, 34-43. Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) The psychopharmacology of European herbs with cognition enhancing properties. Current Pharmaceutical Design 12, 4613-4623. Scholey AB, Laing S, Kennedy DO (2006) Blood glucose changes and memory: effects of manipulating emotionality and mental effort. Biological Psychology 71, 12-19. Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) Effects of Panax ginseng, consumed with and without glucose, on blood glucose levels and cognitive performance during sustained ‘mentally demanding’ tasks. Journal of Psychopharmacology 20, 771-781. Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) The glycaemic effect of single doses of Panax ginseng (G115) in young healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition 96, 639–642. Kennedy DO, Pace S, Haskell C, Okello EJ, Milne A, Scholey AB (2006) Effects of Cholinesterase Inhibiting Sage (Salvia officinalis) on Mood, Anxiety and Performance on a Psychological Stressor Battery. Neuropsychopharmacology 31, 845-52. Parrott AC, Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Ling J, Heffernan T, Scholey AB (2006) Dancing hot on Ecstasy: physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 21, 285-98. Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Pearson C, Parrott AC, Ling J, Heffernan T, Scholey AB (2006) Differential experiences of the psychobiological sequelae of ecstasy use: quantitative and qualitative data from an internet study. Journal of Psychopharmacology 20, 437-446. Reay JL, Hamilton C, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2006) MDMA polydrug users show process-specific central executive impairments coupled with impaired social and emotional judgement processes. Journal of Psychopharmacology 20, 385-388. Kennedy DO, Little W, Haskell CF, Scholey AB (2006) Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress. Phytotherapy Research 20, 96-102. Scholey A, Kennedy D, Wesnes K (2005) The psychopharmacology of herbal extracts: issues and challenges. Psychopharmacology 179, 705–707. Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2005) Sage and Brain function. Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews: Series A 75, 25–31. Haskell CF, Kennedy DO, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2005) Cognitive and mood improvements of caffeine in habitual consumers and habitual non-consumers of caffeine. Psychopharmacology 179, 813-825. Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2005) Single doses of panax ginseng (G115) reduce blood glucose levels and improve cognitive performance during sustained mental activity. Journal of Psychopharmacology 19, 357-365. Moss M, Franks M, Briggs P, Kennedy D, Scholey A (2005) Compromised arterial oxygen saturation in elderly asthma sufferers results in selective cognitive impairment. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 27, 139 - 150. Buchanan T, Tarick Ali T, Heffernan, Ling J, Parrott AC, Rodgers J, Scholey AB (2005) Non-equivalence of online and paper-and-pencil tests: The case of the Prospective Memory Questionnaire. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers 37, 148-154. Heffernan TM, Ling J, Parrott AC, Buchanan T, Scholey AB, Rodgers J (2005) Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 78, 235-241. Tildesley NTJ, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, C.G. Ballard CG, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2005) Positive modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of acute doses of Salvia lavandulaefolia essential oil to healthy young volunteers. Physiology and Behavior 83, 699-709. Scholey AB, Kennedy DO (2004) Cognitive and physiological effects of an ‘energy drink’: an evaluation of the whole drink and of glucose, caffeine and herbal flavouring fractions. Psychopharmacology 176, 320-330. Scholey A (2004) Chewing gum and cognitive performance: a case of a functional food with function but no food? Appetite 43, 215-216. Scholey A (2004) Further issues regarding the possible modulation of cognitive function by the chewing of gum: response to Stephens and Tunney (2004) and Tucha et al. (2004) Appetite 43, 221-223. Kennedy DO, Haskell CF, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2004) Improved cognitive performance following acute administration of Guaraná (Paullinia cupana) containing low levels of caffeine: comparison and interaction with Panax ginseng. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior79, 401-411. Kennedy DO, Scholey AB (2004) A glucose-caffeine 'energy drink' ameliorates subjective and performance deficits during prolonged cognitive demand. Appetite 42, 331-333. Kennedy DO, Little W, Scholey AB (2004) Attenuation of laboratory induced stress in humans following acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm). Psychosomatic Medicine 66, 607–613 Neave N, Emmett JR, Ayton R, Moss M, Wesnes K, Scholey AB (2004) The effects of protective helmet use on physiology and cognition in young cricketers. Applied Cognitive Psychology 18: 1181–1193. Tiplady B, Franklin N, Scholey A (2004) Effect of ethanol on judgements of performance. British Journal of Psychology 95, 105-118. Parrott AC, Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Scholey AB, Heffernan T, Ling J (2004) The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinsons disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003). Psychopharmacology 171, 231-233. Rodgers J, Buchanan T, Scholey AB, Heffernan TM, Ling J, Parrott AC (2003) Self reports of memory ability amongst recreational drug users: a web-based study. Journal of Psychopharmacology 17, 389-396. Kennedy DO, Wake G, Savelev S, Tildesley NTJ, Perry EK, Wake G, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2003) Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following administration of single doses of Melissa officinalis (Lemon balm) with human CNS nicotinic and muscarinic receptor binding properties. Neuropsychopharmacology 28, 1871-1881. Kennedy DO, and Scholey AB (2003) Ginseng: potential in the enhancement of cognitive performance and mood. (review) Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 75, 687–700. Tildesley NTJ, Kennedy DO, Perry EK, Ballard C, Savelev S, Wesnes KA, Scholey AB (2003) Salvia lavandulaefolia (Spanish Sage) enhances memory in healthy young volunteers. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 75, 669-674. McCue P, Martin CR, Buchanan T, Rodgers J, Scholey AB (2003) An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Psychology, Health and Medicine 8, 425-439. Ling J, Heffernan TM, Buchanan T, Rodgers J, Scholey AB, Parrott AC (2003) Effects of Alcohol on Subjective Ratings of Prospective and Everyday Memory Deficits. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 27, 970-974. Parrott AC, Buchanan T, Heffernan T, Scholey A, Ling J, Rodgers J (2003) Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users. Psychopharmacology 167, 449-450. Scholey AB, Fowles K (2002) Retrograde enhancement of kinesthetic memory by low dose alcohol and by glucose Neurobiology of Learning and Memory 78, 477-483. Scholey AB and Kennedy DO (2002) Acute, dose-dependent cognitive effects of Ginkgo biloba, Panax Ginseng and their combination in healthy young volunteers: differential interactions with cognitive demand. Human Psychopharmacology - Clinical and Experimental 17, 35-44. Kennedy DO, Scholey AB, Tildesley NTJ, Perry EK, and Wesnes KA (2002) Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following acute administration of single doses of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm). Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior72, 953-964. Wilkinson L, Scholey A, Wesnes K (2002) Chewing gum selectively improves aspects of memory in healthy volunteers. Appetite 38, 235-236.
Professional Association Memberships
British Psychological Society British Neuroscience Association British Association for Psychopharmacology International Society for Intelligence Research
Awards and Grants
Australian Research Council Discovery Project 'Glucose facilitation of cognitive function: effects of effort, age and glucose control' Australian Research Council Discovery Project 'Improving cognitive function in the elderly' ("ARCLI") ARC Linkage 'Neuroimaging changes underpinning improvements in cognition in the elderly' NHMRC Fellowship (co-supervisor) 'Kava in the Treatment of Generalised Anxiety Disorder: A 10-week Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study' Mannatech 'Cognitive and mood effects of saccharides in middle-aged adults' Naturex : 'The acute effects of Panax quinquefolius on brain activity, mood and neurocognitive function in a healthy older population' GlaxoSmithKline 'An investigation into the effects of glucose alone and caffeine and glucose in combination on cognitive performance, fatigue and mood associated with extended multi-tasking' Bayer 'Acute effects of multi-vitamin/mineral preparations on brain imaging assessed with Steady State Topography and fMRI during periods of mental effort.' Australian Wine Research Institute 'Effect of resveratrol in red wine on cognitive function in older adults' Naturex: 'The role of glucoregulatory processes in the cognition-enhancing effects of selected botanicals' Wrigley: 'Factors influencing mood and cognitive effects of chewing gum' National Institute of Complementary Medicine Collaborative Centre for the Study of Natural Medicines and Neurocognition in Health and Disease' (NHMRC competitive grant) Barry Callebaut: 'Acute and chronic neurocognitive & blood flow effects of polyphenols in middle aged volunteers' Cognis: 'Assessing anti-stress effects of lemon balm-containing foods' Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (UK) 'Factors affecting glucose enhancement of cognitive performance' Department of Trade and Industry Science Research Investment Fund (SRIF) UK 'Accommodation and development of Brain, Behaviour and Nutrition Research Centre'
Consultant/expert advisor to Nestle, Unilever, GlaxoSmithKline Healthcare, Masterfoods, Danone, Bayer Healthcare, Novartis Expert Advisor to International Life Sciences Institute expert committee on nutrition and mental performance Expert witness to UK Parliamentary Forum on Food and Health Inquiry on Diet and Behaviour