Web page or document

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Previous research has indicated that "the early experiences of students entering tertiary education are integral to the development of positive attitudes towards further study" (Hillman, 2005, p. 9).

Paraphrasing

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Many students in their first year of tertiary study have issues with keeping a balance between work, study and relationships (Hillman, 2005).

Reference list entry

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Hillman, K. (2005). The first year experience: The transition from secondary school to university and TAFE in Australia. Retrieved from http://www.acer.edu.au/documents/LSAY_lsay40.pdf

No author or author unknown

Direct quote

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Knowles' theory of andragogy argues that "adults are self-directed learners, and expect to take responsibility for decisions" (Andragogy, 2008, para. 1).

Paraphrasing

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Knowles' theory of andragogy proposes that adults want to take on more authority for their own learning (Andragogy, 2008).

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Andragogy: Adult learning. (2008). Retrieved from http://www.west.net/~ger/Orientation/andragogy.html

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The theory of constructivism argues that "...learning is an active, constructive process" (Bruinsma & Berghuis, n.d., para. 3).

Paraphrasing

Constructivism as a theory argues that the learner builds their own interpretation of new knowledge by linking it to their prior knowledge (Bruinsma & Berghuis, n.d., para. 3).

Reference list entry

Date of retrieval may be required after the title, eg. Retrieved May 16, 2009, from...

Bruinsma, B., & Berghuis, W. (n.d.). Perspectives on learning: Consequences on instructional design: Perspectives. Retrieved from http://www.geocities.com/learningenvironments/