Personal communication

Referencing a personal communication

Personal communication can include emails, interviews, informal conversations, telephone calls, letters, and lecture presentations.

Initials are included. Full details of the date (month, day and year) should be provided in the text.

Examples

(S. Hansen, personal communication, July 2, 2011).

S.J. Larmar (personal communication, May 1, 2011) said...

On 20 July 2011, A. Jones confirmed ...

    Reference entry list

     Personal communications are not included in the reference list.