Australian Bureau of Statistics report

Referencing a report from the Australian Bureau of Statistics

In ABS publications if no page nor paragraph numbers are visible, cite the heading name followed by the word section, and the number of the paragraph following it:

First citation

"In the 2010 calendar year, 47% of HERD ($3,836 million) was directed towards Applied research, 25% ($2,052 million) to Pure basic research and 20% ($1,653 million) to Strategic basic research" (ABS, 2010, Type of activity section, para. 1).

Subsequent citations

"As with HERD, New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland accounted for three quarters (75%) of total human resources devoted to R&D in 2010" (ABS, 2010, Type of resource section, para. 2).


Page numbers may be required.

Of the total research and development in higher education in 2010 the largest proportion was spent on applied research (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010).

Reference list entry

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Research and experimental development, higher education organisations, Australia, 2010, (Catalogue No. 8111.0). Retrieved from