Unreported decision

Referencing unreported decisions

Case name[Year]CourtJudge­ment no.Full date
Rowland v Alfred Health [2014] FCA 2 (15 January 2014)
  • Unreported decisions utilise a ‘medium neutral citation’ that does not depend on a publisher or medium
  • The party names are listed first and italicised
  • The year is enclosed in square brackets “[ ]”
  • Court identifiers are abbreviated. For example, FCA is used for Federal Court of Australia and HCA for the High Court of Australia
  • Judgement numbers are commonly used, these are applied by the relevant court
  • The full date of the judgement is in parentheses “( )”
  • A full stop is used at the end of a footnote
  • A full stop is not used in a bibliography.

Examples

Individual party names

Stanford v Stanford [2012] HCA 52 (15 November 2012)

Company party names

Trusted Cloud Pty Ltd v Core Desktop Pty Ltd [2015] FCA 33 (3 February 2015)

The Crown as the first party

R v Coulter [2014] VSC 42 (27 February 2014)

The Crown as respondent

Picone v The Queen [2015] VSCA 5 (5 February 2015)

Entry in footnote

R v Giles [2014] VSC 210 (30 April 2014).

Entry in bibliography

Tauaifaga v TCN Channel Nine Pty Ltd[2013] NSWSC 8 (25 January 2013)

Further information

Referencing case law: ‘in text’ and pinpoint references

In text references

  • An ‘in text’ reference usually cites the case, text or reference in the body of an essay or report.
  • A footnote should immediately follow the portion of text which it is relevant to
  • It should also follow directly after any relevant punctuation (i.e. a full stop or comma)
  • A full stop should appear at the end of all footnotes citing case law.
In text reference example

“Recent developments in Australian law following the decision of the High Court in IceTV Pty Ltd v Network Nine Australia Pty Ltd (IceTV)1 illustrate a fundamental shift in the approach of courts regarding the importance and form of authorship.”

Pinpoint references

A pinpoint reference is a reference to a specific page, paragraph or other section of a decision

  • A pinpoint reference to a page should appear as a number – do not use ‘p’ or ‘pg’
  • A pinpoint reference to a paragraph should appear as a number in square brackets.
Example of pinpoint reference to a page

Universal Music Australia Pty Ltd and Others v Sharman License Holdings Ltd and Others (2005) 220 ALR 1, 3.

Example of a pinpoint reference to a paragraph

Roadshow Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Ltd, (2012) 286 ALR 466, 488 [95]