SU(N) Magnetism with Cold Atoms and Chiral Spin Liquid
Ass. Professor Victor Gurarie
Department of Physics, University of Colorado, USA
3:30 pm Friday, 9 December 2011, EN101 Lecture Theatre (EN Building), Hawthorn.
Certain cold atoms, namely the alkaline earth-like atoms whose electronic degrees of freedom are decoupled from their nuclear spin, can be thought of as quantum particles with an SU(N)-symmetric spin. These have recently been cooled to quantum degeneracy in the laboratories around the world. A new world of SU(N) physics has thus become accessible to experiment, including that described by the SU(N) Hubbard model in various dimensions as well as other models. We show that the Mott insulator of such cold atoms is an SU(N) symmetric antiferromagnet of the type not commonly studied in the literature. We further show that in 2 dimensions, this antiferromagnet is a chiral spin liquid, a long sought-after topological state of magnets, with fractional and non-Abelian excitations.
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